Earth's Moon goes through a sequence of phases as it orbits the Earth. These range from new moon to full moon in a smooth, continuous progression. When the Moon is nearly between the Earth and Sun, it is in the new moon phase. When it is opposite the Sun, it is seen in the full moon phase.
Lunar phases consist of new moon, full moon and various intermediate crescent and gibbous phases that each occur on different dates and times.
Traditionally, certain full moons throughout the year are given names. These names are often associated with the time of year appropriate for planting or harvesting or with other seasonal events.