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Examples for

# Step-by-Step Discrete Mathematics

### GCD & LCM

#### See step‐by‐step solutions for LCM:

#### Determine if two integers are coprime:

#### Count the number of positive integers not exceeding the given number that are coprime to it:

### Integer factorization

#### Perform prime factorization one step at a time:

### Arithmetic Functions

#### Learn how to evaluate arithmetic functions step by step:

### Primality Testing

#### Find step-by-step solutions for primality testing:

### Divisors

#### Find divisors step by step:

#### Learn how to find the number of divisors:

#### Follow the steps to find the sum of the divisors:

#### See step-by-step solutions for the divisor function:

#### Learn how to check if a number is square free:

### Base Conversions

#### Follow the steps to convert between bases: